An abundance of urinary proteins could provide a wide
variety of biomarkers for the diagnosis and follow-up of many systemic diseases as well. This article reviews the utility of urinary proteomics for biomarker discovery from the perspective of clinical application. Despite huge potential and prompt development of urinary proteomics, many challenges are still in front of us. Research effort and financial investment have to be oriented on providing strategies for exceeding current methodological and technical obstacles in a way to ensure the successful validation and implementation of newly discovered urinary biomarkers. The result is expected to be the development of new non-invasive tests and procedures able to guarantee higher efficiency of patient care and provide needed personalized medical approach.</.”
“Solution-processed selleck spherical surface textures are demonstrated on commercial amorphous silicon
solar cells. The texture is formed with a monolayer of silica microspheres by convective coating, followed by a spin-on-glass film. It is found that the spherical texture reduces the reflectivity of the cells in the wavelength regime of 400-1200 nm, thus broad spectrum. It is also found that the spherical texture improves the efficiency of the cells at various incident angles from surface normal to at least 60 degrees. The improvement in efficiency increases at larger incident angles to GW4869 as high as 12% relative improvement, demonstrating its omnidirectionality. Current-voltage characteristics show that the efficiency improvement with coating is largely due to the increased short circuit current, while the open-circuit voltage remains the same. Therefore the efficiency
improvement is attributed to more light coupled into the cells. This omnidirectional surface texture offers an attractive solution for antireflection in both polycrystalline silicon and thin-film solar cells.”
“Antibiotic residues in edible animal products are of great concern to regulatory agencies and consumers, so reliable screening methods for rapid, selective and sensitive detection of these residues are necessary click here to ensure food safety.\n\nIn recent years, great efforts have been made to simplify the treatment of solid food samples and also to introduce high-throughput methods, so different screening methods have been developed.\n\nThis review presents a general overview on the progress of the three most important screening approaches to detect antibiotic residues in food samples (i.e. immunoassays, microbiological tests and biosensors). Their main advantages are short analysis time, high sensitivity and selectivity for immunoassays, simplicity and low cost for microbiological tests, and automation and the possibility of in situ analysis for biosensors. Moreover, it is important to note a great increase in the number of commercial kits.