Objective: This study examined
how overweight and nonoverweight youths adjust their level of eating as a function of their familiarity with their eating partner.
Design: Twenty-three overweight and 42 nonoverweight youths had the opportunity to play and eat with a friend (n = 26) or with an unfamiliar peer (n = 39). The dependent variables of interest were the amount of nutrient-dense and energy-dense foods children consumed and their total energy intake.
Results: Participants eating Selleck VX 770 with a friend ate substantially more than did participants eating with an unfamiliar peer. Furthermore, overweight youth, but not nonoverweight youth, who ate with an overweight partner (friend or unfamiliar peer) consumed more food than did overweight participants who ate with a nonoverweight eating partner. Matching of intake was greater between friends than between unfamiliar peers.
Conclusions: These results extend previous research by suggesting that the effect of the partners’ weight statuses may add to the facilitative effect of familiarity selleck chemicals and result in greater energy intake in overweight youth and their friends. Behavioral similarity among overweight youth may increase the difficulty of promoting longterm changes because the youths’ social network is likely to reinforce overeating. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials. gov as NCT00874055.
Am J Clin Nutr 2009;90:282-7.”
“We investigate the role of lattice polarization in determination of induced carrier density at the n-type interface of LaAlO3 overlayer on SrTiO3 (001) by carrying out density-functional-theory calculations. When no oxygen vacancy or defect is present, the magnitude of polarization screening in the LaAlO3 layers is found to be correlated with the carrier charge induced at the interface. For the interfaces with less than seven LaAlO3 layers, the
density of induced carrier is smaller than 0.1 electrons per unit-cell and the electrostatic screening can be covered by the interface state consisting of Ti d(xy) state. When the overlayer becomes thicker, the extended bound state in the SrTiO3 side contributes to the charge screening. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3455877]“
“This study seeks to compare the small intestine submucosa (SIS) graft with 4SC-202 cost traditional colporrhaphy (TC) for surgical treatment of anterior vaginal prolapse.
Subjects were randomly assigned to SIS (n = 29) or to TC (n = 27) preoperatively and outcomes analyzed at 12 months postoperatively. The primary outcome was the absence of POP-Q stage a parts per thousand yenaEuro parts per thousand II prolapse, and secondary outcome was improvement in quality of life. Data were compared with independent samples or paired Student’s t test.
SIS group had 86.2% anatomic cure compared to 59.3% in TC (p = 0.03). SIS improved point Ba measurement significantly (-1.93 cm versus -1.37 cm, p = 0.02).