Figure 3 Formation of simultaneous IPN. 2.2.3. Latex IPN The common problem associated with most IPNs is the difficulty in molding after they are formed since they are thermosets.
One way to overcome this problem is to use latex IPN. They are also called interpenetrating elastomeric networks especially when both CGP057148B polymers are above the glass transition temperature. In latex type IPN both networks are included in a single latex particle, usually by polymerization of the www.selleckchem.com/products/AZD2281(Olaparib).html second monomer together with the cross-linking agent and activator in the original seed latex of the first cross-linked monomer . Latex IPNs are formed from a mixture of two lattices, frequently exhibiting Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical a “core” and “shell” structure. In a sequential method, if the monomers corresponding to the second polymer react near the surface of the first polymer, latex IPN with shell/core Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical morphology will be obtained . 2.2.4. Thermoplastic IPN These IPNs have completely erased the idea of chemical cross-linkers and use physical cross-linkers, like thermoplastic elastomers. The thermoplastic IPNs are combination of
two physically cross-linked Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical polymers [6, 7]. Typical physical cross-links arise from ionic groups, crystallinity, or glassy domains. Thus, these materials flow at elevated temperatures, similar to the thermoplastic elastomers, while behaving like conventional thermoset IPNs and at their application temperature usually at least one component is a block copolymer and the other one a semicrystalline or glassy polymer . Depending on the Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical continuity and proportion of phases, this kind of IPNs can exhibit a wide range of properties, from reinforced rubber to high impact plastics. 2.2.5. Gradient IPN Gradient IPNs have compositions which vary as a function of position in the sample. They are formed as a result of the swelling of the first monomer network in the network of the second monomer. Before Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical equilibrium is established a stage comes where swelling is terminated and
polymerization is carried out to produce the IPN. In this type of system the concentration of second monomer network has a gradient over the first Batimastat monomer network [6, 7, 30]. 3. Preparation of IPN 3.1. Casting Evaporation This method has been used widely to form cross-linked polymer network. In this method each polymer constituent is heated until it is dissolved and then added to cross-linker solution . In case of sequential process, solution of polymer I is added to the cross-linker solution followed by addition of polymer II solution. In both cases the solution is heated and mixed and then casted and dried. IPN gels can be prepared by this technique. 3.2. Emulsification Cross-Linking This method is based on phase separation. Generally single emulsion cross-linking technique is based on w/o emulsion but recently w/w emulsion method has also been developed to form IPN .