The combination of each individual’s coagulation factors (outside of fVIII) determine each individual’s baseline thrombin potential and may affect bleeding risk. “
“The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of postoperative wound drain salvage and autotransfusion system in haemophilic patients undergoing elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA). No literature exists on reinfusing drained blood in patient with haemophilia undergoing
TKA. Eighty-eight knees of 66 patients received cemented TKA due to end-stage haemophilic arthropathy (group I; with autotransfusion in 59 knees, group II; without autotransfusion in 29 knees). In group I, the postoperative shed blood was transfused within 6 h after surgery. The amount of blood drainage and reinfused blood, rate and amount of allogenic transfusion, postoperative selleck chemicals change of haemoglobin level, prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time were analysed. The mean postoperative blood drainage was 932 ± 479 mL in group I and 830 ± 492 mL in group II (P > 0.05). The mean volume of blood reinfused was 530 ± 265 mL in group I. Allogenic transfusion was needed in six knees (10.2%) of group I and eight knees (27.6%) of group II (P = 0.036). The mean volume of allogenic transfusion was
480 ± 49 mL in group I and 1041 ± 691 mL in group II (P > 0.05). Changes of all the laboratory results before and after TKA showed no statistically
significant difference except PT was prolonged in group I (P = 0.008) at postoperative day 1. Moreover, there was no significant complication related to Y-27632 nmr oxyclozanide either reinfusion or allogenic transfusion in both groups. This study showed that reinfusion of drained blood is a simple, safe and efficacious method in patients with haemophilia undergoing TKA. “
“Summary. Every other day (qod) factor VIII prophylaxis prevents joint bleeds in children with severe haemophilia A. Although three times weekly or qod prophylaxis is recommended by the National Hemophilia Foundation (NHF), how widely these practices have been adopted is not known. We sought to define current prophylaxis practices at US haemophilia treatment centres (HTCs). An email survey was distributed to US HTCs, utilizing web-based membership rosters of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the Hemostasis Thrombosis Research Society (HTRS). Of 62 HTCs responding, prophylaxis is initiated on a three times weekly schedule in 29 (46.8%), twice weekly in 13 HTCs (21.0%) and once weekly in 20 HTCs (32.2%). Central venous catheters are used to infuse factor prophylactically at 55 HTCs (88.7%), including in 100% of children initiating prophylaxis at 19 HTCs (30.6%) and in 50% of those at 41 HTCs (66.1%), but avoided altogether at seven HTCs (11.3%). Prophylaxis is initiated after one or more bleeds in 56 HTCs (90.