We found that PKC alpha and persistent Ca2+ sparklet activity is

We found that PKC alpha and persistent Ca2+ sparklet activity is indeed increased in arterial myocytes during hypertension. Furthermore, in human arterial myocytes, PKC alpha-dependent persistent Ca2+ sparklets activated the prohypertensive calcineurin/NFATc3 signaling cascade. These events culminated in three hallmark signs of hypertension-associated vascular dysfunction: increased Ca2+ entry, elevated arterial [Ca2+](i), and enhanced myogenic tone. Consistent with these observations, we show that PKC alpha ablation is protective against the development of angiotensin

II-induced hypertension. These data support a model in which persistent Ca2+ sparklets, PKC alpha, and calcineurin form a subcellular signaling triad controlling NFATc3-dependent Galunisertib ic50 gene expression, arterial function, and blood pressure.

Because of the ubiquity of these proteins, this model may represent a general signaling pathway controlling gene expression and cellular function.”
“The brain integrates complex types of information, and executes a wide range of physiological and behavioral processes. Trillions of tiny organelles, the synapses, are central to neuronal communication and information processing in the brain. Synaptic transmission involves an intricate network of synaptic proteins that forms the molecular machinery underlying transmitter release, activation, and modulation of transmitter receptors and signal transduction cascades. These processes are dynamically NCT-501 ic50 regulated and underlie neuroplasticity, crucial to learning and memory formation. In recent years, interaction proteomics has increasingly been used to elucidate the constituents of synaptic protein complexes. Unlike classic hypothesis-based assays, interaction proteomics detects both known and novel interactors without bias. In this trend article, we focus on the technical aspects of recent proteomics to identify synapse protein complexes, and

the complementary methods used to verify the protein-protein interaction. Moreover, we discuss the experimental feasibility of performing global analysis of the synapse protein interactome.”
“Tongxinluo Sonidegib mw (TXL), a traditional Chinese medicine, has multiple vasoprotective effects, including anti-inflammation. MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is involved in vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis. However, a direct relationship between TXL and miR-155 in the development of vascular inflammation and remodeling had not yet been shown. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether TXL exerts an inhibitory effect on the vascular inflammatory response and neointimal hyperplasia by regulating miR-155 expression. Using the carotid artery ligation model in mice, we have shown that TXL dose dependently inhibited neointimal formation and reduced the vascular inflammatory response by inhibiting inflammatory cytokine production and macrophage infiltration.

Specifically, in DPPC membranes, TTPs altered the structural orde

Specifically, in DPPC membranes, TTPs altered the structural order of the L beta, phase without destabilizing the lipid bilayer. The existence of a nonbilayer isotropic phase in coexistence with the liquid crystalline L alpha phase, as observed in DPPC:URL samples, indicated the presence of lipid structures with high curvature (probably inverted micelles). In DPPC:Cho membranes, TTPs affected the membrane phase properties increasing the Laurdan

GP values above 40 degrees C. MSL and URL induced segregation of Cho within the bilayer, JQEZ5 datasheet in contrast to OLA, that reduced the structural organization of the membrane. These results strengthen the relevance of TTP interactions with cell membranes as a molecular mechanism underlying their broad spectrum of biological effects. (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“The ferric uptake regulator (Fur)

is a predominant bacterial regulator controlling the iron assimilation functions in response to iron availability. Our previous microarray analysis on Yersinia pestis defined the iron-Fur modulon. In the present work, we reannotated the iron assimilation genes in Y. pestis, and the resulting genes in complementation with those disclosed by microarray constituted a total of 34 genome loci (putative operons) that represent the potential iron-responsive targets of Fur. The subsequent real-time reverse transcription-PCR S3I-201 research buy (RT-PCR) in conjunction with the primer extension analysis showed that 32 of them were regulated by Fur in response to iron starvation. A previously predicted Fur box sequence was then used to search against the promoter regions of the 34 operons; the homologue of the above box could be predicted in each promoter tested. The subsequent electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) demonstrated that a purified His(6) tag-fused Fur protein was able to bind in vitro to each of these promoter regions. Therefore, Fur is a global regulator,

both an activator and a repressor, and directly controls not only almost all of the iron assimilation functions but also a variety of genes involved in various non-iron VS-6063 solubility dmso functions for governing a complex regulatory cascade in Y. pestis. In addition, real-time RT-PCR, primer extension, EMSA, and DNase I footprinting assay were used to elucidate the Fur regulation of the ybt locus encoding a virulence-required iron uptake system. By combining the published data on the YbtA regulation of ybt, we constructed a concise Fur/YbtA regulatory network with a map of the Fur-promoter DNA interactions within the ybt locus. The data presented here give us an overview of the iron-responsive Fur regulon in Y. pestis.”
“Ductal carcinoma in situ or DCIS belongs to intraductal proliferative lesions, which are a group of cytologically and architecturally diverse ductal proliferations, typically originating from the terminal duct-lobular units.

Together, these data indicate a novel role for curcumin as a poss

Together, these data indicate a novel role for curcumin as a possible adjunct therapy after SAH, both to prevent the development of cerebral vasospasm and to reduce oxidative brain injury after secondary infarction. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 11, 35-45.”
“A dynamic covalent library of interconverting imine constituents, dissolved in an acetonitrile/water mixture, undergoes constitutional reorganization upon

phase separation induced by a physical stimulus (heat) or a chemical effector (inorganic salt, carbohydrate, organic solvent). The process has been made reversible, regenerating the initial library upon phase reunification. GSK3326595 It represents the behavior of a dynamic covalent library upon reversible

phase separation and its adaptation to a phase change, with up-regulation in each phase of-the fittest constituents by component selection. Finally, the system exemplifies the splitting of a 2D (square) constitutional dynamic network into a 3D (cube) one.”
“Evidence for an association between dietary proteins and the risk of hypertension in rural Chinese adults, whose diets are protein-poor and unbalanced, is limited. learn more The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary proteins on hypertension among adults of rural western China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Hanzhong, China, and 2241 residents were included in the analysis. Logistic regression models were used to examine whether dietary proteins (total, plant and animal protein) were independently correlated with hypertension. The total protein intake was inadequate (51.7 g per day for male and 40.1 g per day for female), accounting for 56-71% of the Chinese recommended nutrient intakes or adequate intakes. Nearly 80% of protein intake derived from plants, especially grains, and the proportion derived from plants was higher in females than in males. The daily animal protein intake was 12.1 g for males and 8.3 g for females. For females, no significant association was found between hypertension and total protein or plant SB202190 protein intake. However,

animal protein intake was significantly and negatively associated with the risk of hypertension after controlling for demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, body mass index and other dietary nutrients. In addition, the odds ratio for the upper quartile compared with the bottom quartile was 0.64 (95% confidence interval, CI: 0.43-0.95, P for trend < 0.05). Furthermore, a significant decrease of 1.082 mm Hg (95% CI: 0.189-1.975) in systolic blood pressure and 0.668 mm Hg (95% CI: 0.105-1.232) in diastolic blood pressure was observed per s.d. increase of animal protein intake in females. For males, we did not observe a significant association between dietary proteins and hypertension or blood pressure.

However, the effects of the exercise treatment were greater on st

However, the effects of the exercise treatment were greater on stress urinary incontinence than on urge or mixed urinary incontinence. At the 7-month follow-up, while cure rates of all three types of urinary incontinence were significantly maintained, a slight reversal was seen only in the urge and mixed urinary incontinence (chi(2) = 10.28, p = 0.008). According to the logistic regression model, urine leakage volume (adjusted odds ratio OR = 0.69,95% confidence interval CI = 0.39-0.98), compliance (OR = 1.03, 95%CI = 1.01-1.16), and BMI reduction (OR = 0.67, 95%CI = 0.48-0.89) were significantly

associated with the cure of urine leakage after intervention. The cure rate of urine leakage after the follow-up was significantly associated with compliance (OR = 1.13, 95%CI = 1.02-1.29) HSP inhibitor review and BMI reduction (OR = 0.78, 95%CI = 0.60-0.96).\n\nConclusions: The intervention group showed higher urine leakage cure rates selleck chemicals than control group. This result suggests that multidimensional exercise strategies may be effective for all three types of urinary incontinence. BMI reduction and compliance to the intervention was the consistent

predictor for the effectiveness of the exercise treatment. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is an immunodeficiency characterized by an impaired ability to produce antibodies associated to multiple clinical phenotypes. The incidence is around 1150,000 new horns. The age at diagnosis shows 2 peaks, between 1-5 and 16-20 years old. The failure is localized in partially mature B lymphocytes, affects antibody synthesis and class switch from IgM to IgG. Only in 10% of cases, a mutation has been detected, in the others, the genetic defect is unknown. The clinical manifestations are severe and recurrent infections, autoimmunity, gastrointestinal manifestations, lymphoid hyperplasia and a high risk to develop cancer. The most common clinical presentation consists in recurrent sinus-bronchial infections. Hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia

are frequent autoimmune disorders. Diagnosis AZ 628 order must be suspected in a patient with sinus-bronchial infections associated to the different clinical syndrome above described, also significant reduction of immunoglobulin G, reduction of immunoglobulin A or immunoglobulin M. The differential diagnosis of CVID is largely based on the exclusion of other antibody immune deficiencies. Mutation on TACI, ICOS, CD19, BAFF-R, MSH5 must be ruled out for molecular diagnosis. Immunoglobulin replacement therapy diminishes the risk of developing pulmonary complications.”
“A case of primary primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) of the chest wall in an adolescent is presented with imaging findings including 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron-emission computed tomography (PET-CT).

g , fictive eupnea and sighs)? (3) How is preBotC activity affect

g., fictive eupnea and sighs)? (3) How is preBotC activity affected by surrounding structures? Using newborn rat slices with systematically varied dimensions in physiological [K+] (3 mM), we found that a 175 mu m thickness is sufficient for generating inspiratory-related rhythms. In 700-mu m-thick slices with unilaterally exposed preBotC, a kernel <100 mu m thick, centered 0.5 mm caudal to the facial nucleus, is necessary for rhythm QNZ cell line generation. Slices containing this kernel plus caudal structures produced eupneic bursts of

regular amplitude, whereas this kernel plus rostral tissue generated sighs, intermingled with eupneic bursts of variable amplitude (“eupnea-sighpattern”). After spontaneous arrest of rhythm, substance-P or neurokinin-1 this website (NK1) receptor agonist induced the eupnea-sigh burst pattern in >= 250-mu m-thick slices, whereas thyrotropin-releasing hormone or phosphodiesterase-4 blockers evoked the eupnea burst pattern. Endogenous rhythm was depressed by NK1 receptor antagonism. Multineuronal Ca2+ imaging revealed that preBotC neurons reconfigure between eupnea and eupnea-sigh burst patterns. We hypothesize a (gradient-like) spatio-chemical organization of regions adjacent to the preBotC, such

that a small preBotC inspiratory-related oscillator generates eupnea under the dominant influence of caudal structures or thyrotropin-releasing hormone-like transmitters but eupnea-sigh activity when the influence of rostral structures or substance-P-like transmitters predominates.”
“The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 3-carboranyl thymidine analogue (3CTA), 3-[5-2-(2,3-dihydroxyprop-1-yl)-o-carboran-1-ylpentan-1-yl]

thymidine, designated N5-2OH, for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) of brain tumors using the RG2 rat glioma Selleck Stem Cell Compound Library model. Target validation was established using the thymidine kinase (TK) 1(+) wild-type, murine L929 cell line and its TK1(-) mutant counterpart, which were implanted s.c. (s.c.) into nude mice. Two intratumoral (i.t.) injections of B-10-enriched N5-20H were administered to tumor-bearing mice at 2-hour intervals, after which BNCT was carried out at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Research Reactor. Thirty days after BNCT, mice bearing TK1(+) L929 tumors had a 15x reduction in tumor volume compared with TK1(-) controls. Based on these favorable results, BINICT studies were then initiated in rats bearing intracerebral (i.c.) RG2 gliomas, after i.c. administration of N5-20H by Alzet osmotic pumps, either alone or in combination with i.v. (i.v.) boronophenylalanine (BIPA), a drug that has been used clinically. The mean survival times (MSTs) of RG2 glioma bearing rats were 45.6 +/- 7.2 days, 35.0 +/- 3.3 days, and 52.9 +/- 8.9 days, respectively, for animals that received N5-20H, BIPA, or both.

The conditions (concentrations of sodium sulfite solution, reacti

The conditions (concentrations of sodium sulfite solution, reacting time and modified flow rate) of sulfonation were optimized. The hydrodynamic and chromatographic performances were estimated. Coupled with a conductivity detector, a capillary ion chromatography system was set up with the prepared column. Finally, the resultant column was used for the separations of five common univalent cations (Li+, Na+, NH4+, K+ and Cs+) using methanesulfonic acid as the eluent and four divalent cations (Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+) by non-suppressed

capillary ion chromatography; the chromatographic Selleckchem Quizartinib parameters were further researched.”
“Background/Aims: Characteristics of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of pancreas (IPMN) have been clarified by a worldwide survey and meeting. However, the malignant behavior or prognosis of the disease is not always uniform.\n\nMethodology: We examined the clinicopathologic demographics, surgical records and outcome according to degree of histologic malignancy in 18 IPMN patients between

1994 and 2006.\n\nResults: Main duct type was observed in 3 patients, branch duct type in 6, and mixed type in 9. Eight of 18 patients (44.4%) had other malignancies, and other synchronous tumors were observed in the adenoma group. CA 19-9 was increased in invasive carcinomas. The size of the main pancreatic duct and cysts were not correlated with degree of malignancy. Mural nodules were more frequently observed in minimally invasive and invasive carcinomas. Segmental resection or observation was selected in the adenoma group; however, LDN-193189 manufacturer combined resection of main vessels was performed in invasive carcinoma groups. Although 3 of 5 patients with invasive carcinomas had a recurrence and poor patient prognosis, recurrence was not observed in other groups.\n\nConclusions: Surgical results for IPMN were satisfactory; however, it is necessary to determine

the operative indication before the carcinoma becomes invasive as such lesions have a poor prognosis.”
“The aim of this study was to quantify the dynamic response of locomotion to the first oral levodopa administration of the day in patients with Z-VAD-FMK fluctuating Parkinson’s disease (PD). Stride length, walking speed, cadence and gait variability were measured with an ambulatory gait monitor in 13 PD patients (8 males) with a clinical history of motor fluctuations. The Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) gait score (part 29) was also determined by a movement disorders specialist from video recordings. Subjects arrived in the morning in an ‘off’ state (no PD medication) and walked for a maximum length of 100 m. They then took their usual morning dose of oral levodopa and repeated the walking task at 13 min intervals (on average) over a 90 min period.

High mHAS-BLED score was not predictive of bleeding events More

High mHAS-BLED score was not predictive of bleeding events. More accurate, simple risk scores are needed. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Plants, to many, are simply not as interesting as animals. Students typically prefer to study animals rather than plants and recall plants more poorly, and plants are underrepresented in the classroom. The observed paucity of interest for plants has been described as plant blindness, a term that is meant to encapsulate both the tendency to neglect plants in the environment and the lack

of appreciation for plants’ functional roles. While the term plant blindness suggests a perceptual PND-1186 datasheet or attentional component to plant neglect, few studies Small molecule library clinical trial have examined whether there are real differences in how plants and animals are perceived. Here, we use an established paradigm in visual cognition, the “attentional blink,” to compare the extent to which images of plants and animals capture attentional resources. We find that participants are better able to detect animals than plants in rapid image sequences and that visual attention has a different refractory period when a plant has been detected. These results suggest there are fundamental differences in how the visual system processes plants that may contribute to plant blindness. We discuss how perceptual and physiological constraints on

visual processing may suggest useful strategies for Belnacasan characterizing and overcoming zoocentrism.”
“Objectives. This clinical study assesses the effect of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) voxel size on the ability to detect osseous changes associated with degenerative disease of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The effect of voxel size on perceived CBCT image quality is also evaluated. Study Design. Twenty-two patients presenting for TMJ imaging with suspected degenerative

disease were imaged with the Carestream 9000 CBCT unit, using separate right and left joint acquisitions (n = 44). Images were archived at native and downsampled voxel resolutions of 76 mu m and 300 mu m, respectively. Three oral and maxillofacial radiologists evaluated the images for osseous changes, as well as image quality by using a visual analog scale. Results. There was no statistically significant difference between the voxel sizes in the detection of TMJ osteoarthritic changes. The mean visual analog scale response did, however, differ significantly between the two groups (P = .02). Conclusions. Despite no improvement in diagnostic efficacy with a smaller voxel size, perceived image quality is consistently higher for images with greater spatial resolution.”
“Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a cytokine classically linked with anti-inflammatory and protective functions in the central nervous system (CNS) in different neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory conditions.

ResultsAmong the seven subjects who received treatment, the avera

ResultsAmong the seven subjects who received treatment, the average pain reduction was 75% at the three-month primary end point. These subjects were responders per predefined criterion of achieving 50% pain reduction in 50% of treatment sessions for the three-month selleck compound end point. Pain medication use and interference of pain on functions was significantly reduced. The treatment efficacy was sustained through the follow-up period of up to 12 months. Besides dislodgement and loss of function for one electrode in one subject,

all other devices functioned as intended. No changes of residual motor and sensory function were observed. ConclusionThis pilot study generated preliminary evidence on the efficacy and safety GSI-IX of kilohertz electrical nerve block for postamputation pain, justifying a pivotal study for regulatory approval.”
“The presence of a silencing sequence (the I-allele) in the

gene for the upstream regulator of blood flow, angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE), is associated with superior endurance performance and its trainability. We tested in a retrospective study with 36 Caucasian men of Swiss descent whether carriers of the ACE I-allele demonstrate a modified adaptive response of energy supply lines in knee extensor muscle, and aerobic fitness, to endurance training based on 6 weeks of supervised bicycle exercise or 6 months of self-regulated running (p value < Bonferroni-corrected 5 %). Body weight related maximal oxygen uptake and capillary density in vastus lateralis muscle before training were 20 and 23 % lower, respectively, in carriers of the I-allele. Bicycle (n = 16) but not running type endurance training (n = 19) increased the volume content of subsarcolemmal mitochondria (2.5-fold) and intramyocellular lipid (2.1-fold). This was specifically SN-38 mouse amplified in I-allele

carriers after 6 weeks of bicycle exercise. The enhanced adjustment in myocellular organelles of aerobic metabolism with bicycle training corresponded to ACE I-allele dependent upregulation of 23 muscle transcripts during recovery from the bicycle stimulus and with training. The majority of affected transcripts were associated with glucose (i.e. ALDOC, Glut2, LDHC) and lipid metabolism (i.e. ACADL, CPTI, CPTII, LIPE, LPL, FATP, CD36/FAT); all demonstrating an enhanced magnitude of change in carriers of the ACE I-allele. Our observations suggest that local improvements in mitochondrial metabolism, through a novel expression pathway, contribute to the varying trainability in endurance performance between subjects with genetically modified expression of the regulator of vascular tone, ACE.”
“microRNAs (miRNAs) are a new class of non-protein-coding small RNAs, which regulate the expression of more than 30% protein-coding genes.

g , ADHD, anxiety, schizophrenia, substance abuse disorder) impli

g., ADHD, anxiety, schizophrenia, substance abuse disorder) implicating a wide range of measured genes and measured environments (e.g., pre-, peri- and postnatal influences of both a physical and a social nature). To date few of these G x E effects have been WH-4-023 in vitro sufficiently replicated. Indeed meta-analyses have raised doubts about the robustness of even the most well studied findings. In future we need larger, sufficiently powered studies that include a detailed and sophisticated characterization of both phenotype and the environmental

“Objectives: Acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) and chronic pancreatitis (CP) are rare and poorly understood diseases in children. Better understanding of these disorders can only be accomplished via a multicenter, structured, data collection approach. Methods: The International Study Group of Pediatric Pancreatitis: In Search for a Cure (INSPPIRE) consortium was created to investigate the epidemiology, etiologies, pathogenesis, natural history, and outcomes

of pediatric ARP PD98059 molecular weight and CP. Patient and physician questionnaires were developed to capture information on demographics, medical history, family and social history, medications, hospitalizations, risk factors, diagnostic evaluation, treatments, and outcome information. Information collected in paper questionnaires was then transferred into Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap), tabulated,

and analyzed. Results: The administrative structure of the INSPPIRE consortium was established, and National Institutes of Health funding was obtained. A total of 14 sites (10 in the United States, 2 in Canada, and 2 overseas) participated. Questionnaires were amended and updated as necessary, followed by changes made into the REDCap database. Between September 1, 2012 and August 31, 2013, a total of 194 children were enrolled into the study: 54% were girls, 82% were non-Hispanic, and 72% were whites. Conclusions: The INSPPIRE consortium demonstrates the feasibility of building a multicenter patient registry to study the rare pediatric diseases, ARP and CP. Analyses of collected this website data will provide a greater understanding of pediatric pancreatitis and create opportunities for therapeutic interventional studies that would not otherwise be possible without a multicenter approach.”
“Basal stem rot (BSR) of oil palm roots is due to the invasion of fungal mycelia of Ganoderma species which spreads to the bole of the stem. In addition to root contact, BSR can also spread by airborne basidiospores. These fungi are able to break down cell wall components including lignin. BSR not only decreases oil yield, it also causes the stands to collapse thus causing severe economic loss to the oil palm industry.

bonariensis contains spasmogenic and spasmolytic constituents, wh

bonariensis contains spasmogenic and spasmolytic constituents, which explains its medicinal use in constipation and diarrhea.”
“Background: Identifying potentially

modifiable risk factors is critically important for reducing the burden of chronic kidney disease. We sought to examine the association of body mass index (BMI) with kidney function decline in a cohort of young adults with preserved glomerular filtration at baseline.\n\nStudy Design: Longitudinal cohort.\n\nSetting & Participants: Navitoclax clinical trial 2,839 black and white young adults with cystatin C-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR(cys)). > 90 mL/min/1.73 m(2) taking part in the year-10 examination (in 1995-1996) of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study.\n\nPredictor: BMI, categorized as 18.5-24.9 (reference), 25.0-29.9, 30.0-39.9, and 40.0 kg/m(2).\n\nOutcomes: Trajectory of kidney function decline, rapid decline (>3% per year), and incident eGFR(cys) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) over 10 years of follow-up.\n\nMeasurements: GFR(cys) estimated from

the CKD-EPI (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration) equation ERK inhibitors library for calibrated cystatin C at CARDIA years 10, 15, and 20.\n\nResults: At year 10, participants had a mean age of 35.1 years, median eGFRcys of 114 mL/min/1.73 m(2), and 24.5% had BMI 30.0 kg/m(2). After age 30 years, average eGFR(cys) was progressively www.selleckchem.com/B-Raf.html lower with each increment in BMI after adjustment for baseline age, race, sex, hyperlipidemia, smoking status, and physical activity. Higher BMI category was associated with successively higher odds of rapid decline (for 25.0-29.9, 30.0-39.9, and $ 40.0 kg/m(2), adjusted ORs were 1.50 [95% CI, 1.21-1.87], 2.01 [95% CI, 1.57-2.87], and 2.57 [95% CI,

1.67-3.94], respectively). 18 participants (0.6%) had incident eGFR(cys) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). In unadjusted analysis, higher BMI category was associated with incident eGFR(cys) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m (2) (for 25.0-29.9, 30.0-39.9, and 40.0 kg/m(2), ORs were 5.17 [95% CI, 1.10-25.38], 7.44 [95% CI, 1.54-35.95], and 5.55 [95% CI, 0.50-61.81], respectively); adjusted associations were no longer significant.\n\nLimitations: Inability to describe kidney function before differences by BMI category were already evident. Absence of data for measured GFR or GFR estimated from serum creatinine level.\n\nConclusions: Higher BMI categories are associated with greater declines in kidney function in a cohort of young adults with preserved GFR at baseline. Clinicians should vigilantly monitor overweight and obese patients for evidence of early kidney function decline. (C) 2014 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.”
“The objective of the study is the preparation and comprehensive characterization of novel high performance polylactide (PLA)-based composites designed with specific impact properties.