According to the number of affiliated sequences, Pantoea was the most abundant genera, representing 25.8% of the total isolates from both male and female www.selleckchem.com/products/qnz-evp4593.html mosquitoes (Table 2). Relative abundance of bacterial isolates differs according to geographic distribution The relative abundance of isolates according to the sampling sites and the isolation media is shown in Figure 1. As expected, the isolation procedure using rich LBm medium gave the most diverse bacterial composition ranging from 3 to 8 distinct families per
sampling site. Mosquitoes sampled in Ankazobe harboured only 3 bacterial families Akt inhibitor (Enterobacteriaceae, Bacillaceae, and Staphylocacceae), whereas mosquitoes from the other three sites (Tsimbazaza Park, Toamasina and Ambohidratrimo) harboured a total of 8 bacterial this website families per site. However, the abundance and composition of the bacteria from particular families varied between sampling sites. For instance, members of the families Moraxellaceae and Deinococcaceae were only isolated from mosquitoes in Ambohidratrimo, and those of the families Neisseriaceae and
Xanthomonadaceae only from mosquitoes in Toamasina and Tsimbazaza park, respectively. While the isolation procedure was initially used to enrich for Asaia, isolates on CaCO3 medium largely belonged to Actinobacteria, Coproporphyrinogen III oxidase irrespective of the origin of mosquitoes. Differences were also observed for members of the family Acetobacteraceae found in mosquitoes from Toamasina. As expected, on Herellea medium Gammaproteobacteria were detected with a majority of Enterobacteriaceae as well as bacteria of the genus Acinetobacter. These bacteria were only noted in mosquitoes from Toamasina and Ankazobe. Overall, the Ambohidratrimo mosquitoes harboured
the highest number of distinct bacterial taxa with a total of 10 families in comparison to mosquitoes from other sites, which exhibited no more than 4 families. Members of the families Staphylococcaceae, Rhodobacteraceae, Planoccoccaeae, Intrasporangiaceae, Rhodospirillaceae, Promicromonosporaceae were only present in mosquitoes from Ambohidratrimo. Figure 1 Frequency of culturable isolates from field populations of Ae. albopictus according to sampling site and isolation medium. Molecular characterization of the Pantoea isolates As Pantoea was the most prevalent genus isolated from mosquitoes from three of the four sites, it was further characterized by analysing its genomic structure. Nearly complete rrs gene sequences were obtained from 11 isolates that were compared to reference strains (Table 3). PFGE showed that Pantoea contains a high-molecular-weight replicon (>3.